Charles Burton, M.D., R.I.P.

Chuck Burton, my most important clinical mentor, died in late 2020. He’s been much on my mind as a celebration of life on September 12th approaches.

Chuck was a neurosurgeon who specialized in restorative spine surgery. He helped thousands of patients by performing surgery, but probably helped even more by refusing to operate.

Chuck Burton, left; David Frenz, right. Glen Stubbe | Star Tribune

Chuck was a disciple of I.M. Tarlov, the famous neurosurgeon and author of The Principle of Parsimony in Medicine. The principle, also known as Occam’s razor, takes many forms including this version on the back of Chuck’s business card

And “less” often meant counseling sometimes desperate patients that they were unlikely to benefit from surgery.

Chuck, more than any other physician who I’ve met, practiced primum non nocere (first, do no harm). This began early in his career and intensified over time as he saw the actual harms of surgery in all of the second opinions that he rendered.

A few other dictums (and here):

  • Osler’s Rule: Treat diseases, not symptoms
  • Gabel’s Rule: Don’t just do something; stand there
  • Holmes’ Rule: Surgery is guilty until proven innocent

where the latter means that the clinical trials need to be compelling and patient selection must be meticulous.

Chuck has left a void in my life—but that void means that I had the opportunity* to be mentored by a great physician and remarkable human being. He’ll live on in the care that I deliver and the students and residents who I mentor. ✸

* I owe that opportunity to Bob Moravec, M.D., former medical director at St. Joseph’s Hospital in St. Paul Minn. It’s a great story and post for another day.


I don’t golf often or well but still have some “muscle memory” from my teen years in Brainerd, Minn. Today, I carded a hole in one while golfing with Ayden, our 13-year-old son*

  • Where: New Hope Village Golf Course, New Hope, Minn. Our first visit!
  • Hole: 4
  • Club: 5 iron
  • The Shot: The green has a wicked slope from right to left with a bunker to the right. An elderly golfer behind us noted that she always plays to the right, which seemed like solid advice. My ball landed on the right edge of the green and rolled downhill into the cup. I was stunned, Ayden was elated and the elderly golfer was absolutely tickled ✸

* For whom I hope to caddie in college—he’s nearly a scratch golfer on youth courses